らむ

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The final -mu is cognate with conjectural ‎(mu).

Particle[edit]

らむ ‎(romaji ramu)

  1. conjecture about a presently occurring situation that the speaker has no direct knowledge about
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 1, poem #4)
      玉剋春 内乃大野尓 馬数而 朝布麻須等六 其草深野
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 1, poem #40)
      鳴呼見乃浦尓 船乗為良武 𡢳嬬等之 珠裳乃須十二 四宝三都良武香
  2. conjecture about the cause or reason of a presently occurring situation that is directly observed by the speaker
  3. hearsay based on things heard or read

Conjugation[edit]

Attaches to the Conclusive. Incomplete quadrigrade:

Irrealis Adverbial Conclusive Attributive Realis Imperative
ram- u u e

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]