効く

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "効く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
効く [kìkú]
Imperative (命令形) 効け [kìké]
Key constructions
Passive 効かれる かれる [kìkárérú]
Causative 効かせる かせる [kìkásérú]
Potential - - -
Volitional 効こう [kìkóꜜò]
Negative 効かない かない [kìkánáí]
Negative perfective 効かなかった かなかった [kìkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 効きます きま [kìkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 効いた いた [kìítá]
Conjunctive 効いて いて [kìíté]
Hypothetical conditional 効けば [kìkéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (kiku) (godan conjugation, stem () (kiki), past ()いた (kiita), shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 效く)

  1. to be effective; have effect; act upon
    (こう)ウイルス(やく)COVID(コビッド)-1(いち)9(きゅう)()(ほう)(こく)されている。
    kōuirusuyaku ga Kobiddoichikyū ni kiku to hōkoku sareteiru.
    It was reported that antivirus drug is effective for COVID-19.
  2. to work; to hold; to have
    (かれ)(はな)()
    Kare wa hana ga kiku.
    He has a keen nose.
    (わたし)(ひだり)()()なくなった。
    Watashi wa hidarite ga kikanakunatta.
    I have lost use of my left hand.
  3. (of system) to be able to be applied; can be used
    (がく)(わり)()
    gakuwari ga kiku
    students discount can be applied

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN