大弓

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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大弓 (daikyū, ōyumi): diagram of a traditional Japanese longbow.
大弓 (ōyumi): an ancient Qin dynasty stonebow.
Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 1
きゅう
Grade: 2
goon kan’on

May have been coined in Japan of Middle Chinese-derived components, as a compound of (dai, large, great) +‎ (kyū, bow).

Alternatively, may be a reanalysis of older term 大弓 (ōyumi, see below), applying the on'yomi to the characters.

Appears in texts from the 1700s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大弓(だいきゅう) (daikyū

  1. a longbow, a great bow
    Synonym: 長弓 (chōkyū) (literally “long bow”)
  2. (more specifically) a Japanese longbow (traditionally 2.25m in length)
    Synonym: 和弓 (wakyū) (literally “Japanese bow”)
  3. a regular-sized bow (in contrast to the small 半弓 (hankyū, shortbow))
    Synonym: (yumi)
Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
ゆみ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling

/opojumi//oɸojumi/ → */owojumi//oːjumi/

Compound of (ō, large, great) +‎ (yumi, bow).[1][2][5]

Listed in the Wamyō Ruijushō of 938 C.E..[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大弓(おおゆみ) (ōyumi (historical kana おほゆみ)

  1. a longbow, a great bow
    Synonyms: 長弓 (chōkyū) (literally “long bow”), 和弓 (wakyū) (literally “Japanese bow”)
  2. (historical) a large stonebow
    Synonyms: 石弓 (ishiyumi) (literally “stone bow”), (do), 弩弓 (dokyū) (literally “stonebow bow”)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN