栄養

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See also: 榮養

Japanese

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Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 4
よう
Grade: 4
kan'on on'yomi
Alternative spellings
榮養 (kyūjitai)
営養 (obsolete)
 栄養 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology

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Coined[1] or borrowed from Chinese 營養 (yíngyǎng, to nourish the body)[2] in the end of the Edo period. Both spellings 栄養 and 営養 were used until the establishment of 栄養研究所 (the Institute of Nutrition) in the Home Ministry in 1920 and the publication of 『栄養』 by Japanese scientist Tadasu Saiki in 1926, and thence 栄養 has been mainly used.[2]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(えい)(よう) (eiyōえいやう (eiyau)?

  1. nutrition, nourishment

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Chinese: 營養营养 (yíngyǎng)[5]
  • Korean: 영양(營養) (yeong'yang)
  • Vietnamese: dinh dưỡng

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 栄養・営養”, in 日本国語大辞典 [Nihon Kokugo Daijiten]‎[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, 2000
  3. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  5. ^ 汉语外来词词典 [Chinese Loanword Dictionary] (in Chinese), 1984, page 393