極楽

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: 極樂 and 极乐

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ごく
Grade: 4
らく
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 極樂 (MC ɡɨk̚ lɑk̚), itself a translation of Sanskrit सुखावती (sukhāvatī),[1][2] the feminine form of सुखवत् (sukhavat, literally full of joy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

極楽 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 極樂, hiragana ごくらく, rōmaji gokuraku)

  1. (Buddhism) Short for 極楽浄土 (Gokuraku Jōdo): pure land (western paradise of Amitabha Buddha)
  2. (by extension) heaven, paradise
    Synonym: 天国 (tengoku)
    Antonym: 地獄 (jigoku)
  3. a pleasure quarters, red-light district

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

極楽 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 極樂, hiragana ごくらく, rōmaji Gokuraku)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN