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See also: and
U+697D, 楽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-697D

[U+697C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+697E]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈人木 (IOD) or X戈人木 (XIOD), four-corner 32904)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 542, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15213
  • Dae Jaweon: page 930, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 8 (in addendum), page 20, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+697D

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Unorthodox variant simplified from (𢆶 → ⿱) found in the Ming dynasty orthographic dictionary 《字學三正》. Also found in 《宋元以來俗字譜》, a variant forms dictionary compiled in 1930 that records unorthodox forms (俗字) that have existed since the Song dynasty.

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“music; tune; melody; song; to play music; to sing; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. music
  2. comfort, enjoyment
  3. ease, simplicity
  4. final day of a performance

Readings[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ŋˠauH):

From Middle Chinese (MC ŋˠʌk̚, “music, singing”):

From Middle Chinese (MC lɑk̚, “comfort, ease”):

From native Japanese roots:

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
らく
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC lɑk̚).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , -na inflection, hiragana らく, rōmaji raku)

  1. comfortable, enjoying
    Synonym: 安楽 (anraku)
  2. easy, simple
     (じん) (せい) (らく)ではない。
    Jinsei wa raku de wa nai.
    Life is not easy.
  3. rich, wealthy
  4. uncomplicated
Inflection[edit]
Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana らく, rōmaji raku)

  1. comfort, ease, enjoyment
  2. ease, simplicity
Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana らく, rōmaji raku)

  1. Short for 千秋楽 (senshūraku): the end of a performance; a finale; the last or end of something
  2. Short for 楽焼き (Raku-yaki): rakuware
Derived terms[edit]
Proper noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana らく, rōmaji Raku)

  1. a male or female given name
  2. a surname
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
がく
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ŋˠʌk̚).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana がく, rōmaji gaku)

  1. short for 音楽 (ongaku): music
  2. short for 雅楽 (gagaku): ancient-medieval Japanese court music, imported from the Chinese yayue
  3. (theater) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived terms[edit]
Proper noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana がく, rōmaji Gaku)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
このみ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Nominalization of the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 好む (konomu, to like, prefer).

Proper noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana このみ, rōmaji Konomi)

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN