目覚まし

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
さ > ざ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
目覺まし (kyūjitai)
目覚し

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (me, eye) +‎ 覚まし (samashi, clearing one's eyes or mind of sleep, confusion, etc., the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 覚ます (samasu, to clear one's mind or eyes)).[1][2][3] The samashi changes to zamashi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()()まし or 目覚(めさ)まし (mezamashi or mesamashi

  1. waking, waking up (either waking oneself, or waking someone else)
  2. a kind of sweet given to children waking up
    Synonyms: お目覚 (omeza), お目覚まし (omezamashi)
  3. Short for 目覚まし時計 (alarm clock).

Usage notes[edit]

  • The mezamashi reading appears to be more common than mesamashi.[1][2][3]
  • Not to be confused with 目覚ましい (mezamashii, wonderful, brilliant, striking, adjective).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN