避ける

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Cognate with Japanese ()ける (sakeru).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "避ける"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
避ける [sàkéꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 避けろ [sàkéꜜrò]
Key constructions
Passive 避けられる けられ [sàkéráréꜜrù]
Causative 避けさせる けさせ [sàkésáséꜜrù]
Potential 避けられる けられ [sàkéráréꜜrù]
Volitional 避けよう けよ [sàkéyóꜜò]
Negative 避けない ない [sàkéꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 避けなかった なかった [sàkéꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 避けます けま [sàkémáꜜsù]
Perfective 避けた けた [sáꜜkètà]
Conjunctive 避けて けて [sáꜜkètè]
Hypothetical conditional 避ければ れば [sàkéꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

()ける (sakeruichidan (stem () (sake), past ()けた (saketa))

  1. to avoid
    イヌ()けて(ある)いた
    Inu o sakete aruita.
    I walked carefully avoiding the dogs.
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
除ける

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Daijirin: 「よこ(横)」と同源”)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "避ける"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
避ける [yòkéꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 避けろ [yòkéꜜrò]
Key constructions
Passive 避けられる けられ [yòkéráréꜜrù]
Causative 避けさせる けさせ [yòkésáséꜜrù]
Potential 避けられる けられ [yòkéráréꜜrù]
Volitional 避けよう けよ [yòkéyóꜜò]
Negative 避けない ない [yòkéꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 避けなかった なかった [yòkéꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 避けます けま [yòkémáꜜsù]
Perfective 避けた けた [yóꜜkètà]
Conjunctive 避けて けて [yóꜜkètè]
Hypothetical conditional 避ければ れば [yòkéꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

()ける (yokeruichidan (stem () (yoke), past ()けた (yoketa))

  1. to avoid
Conjugation[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN