𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿𐍃

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Gothic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The exact derivation is uncertain.

  • Ostensibly from a Proto-Germanic *ulbanduz.
  • Usually connected to Ancient Greek ἐλέφας (eléphas) (genitive ἐλέφαντος (eléphantos)) or derivatives thereof in Vulgar Latin. Thus, according to Saskia Pronk-Tiethoff, from a Vulgar Latin variant of elephās or elephantus, which is clearly derived from Ancient Greek.
  • Lehmann does not dispute the Latin and Greek origin, but assumes that the word was borrowed already into Proto-Germanic in the form of Proto-Germanic *elpanduz (elephant, camel), whence also Old English elpend (an interpretation shared by Köbler).
  • Lehmann also notes some variant theories for the ultimate origin of the putative Proto-Germanic term. Among them is the idea that it could be inherited from a Proto-Indo-European *l̥bʰont-, making the term a cognate through inheritance of the Ancient Greek word, and the notion that it may be derived from a language related to Hittite (which has [script needed] (hu(wa)lpant-, humpback)) or Luwian, borrowed following Gothic contact with Asia Minor during the third/fourth centuries CE. The latter, Anatolian theory has since been further elaborated by Jaan Puhvel (see references below).

Cognate with Old Norse úlfaldi, Old English olfend, olfenda, Old High German olbento, Old Saxon olbundeo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿𐍃 (ulbandusm

  1. camel
    • Gothic Bible, Codex Argenteus, Matthew 6.28-29:
      𐍂𐌰𐌸𐌹𐌶𐍉 𐌰𐌻𐌻𐌹𐍃 𐌹𐍃𐍄 𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌰𐌿 𐌸𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌷 𐌸𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌺𐍉 𐌽𐌴𐌸𐌻𐍉𐍃 𐌸𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌷𐌻𐌴𐌹𐌸𐌰𐌽 𐌸𐌰𐌿 𐌲𐌰𐌱𐌹𐌲𐌰𐌼𐌼𐌰 𐌹𐌽 𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐌽𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌳𐌾𐌰 𐌲𐌿𐌳𐌹𐍃 𐌲𐌰𐌻𐌴𐌹𐌸𐌰𐌽.
      raþizō allis ist ulbandau þairh þairkō nēþlōs þairhleiþan þau gabigamma in þiudangardja gudis galeiþan.
      For it is easier for a camel to go through a needle's eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. (KJV)

Declension[edit]

Masculine/feminine u-stem
Singular Plural
Nominative 𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿𐍃
ulbandus
𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌾𐌿𐍃
ulbandjus
Vocative 𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿
ulbandu
𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌾𐌿𐍃
ulbandjus
Accusative 𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿
ulbandu
𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿𐌽𐍃
ulbanduns
Genitive 𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌰𐌿𐍃
ulbandaus
𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌹𐍅𐌴
ulbandiwē
Dative 𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌰𐌿
ulbandau
𐌿𐌻𐌱𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿𐌼
ulbandum

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Lehmann, Winfred P. (1986) , “U20. *ulbandus”, in A Gothic Etymological Dictionary, based on the 3rd ed. of Feist’s dictionary, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 375
  • Puhvel, Jaan, 'On the origin of Gothic ulbandus 'camel'', Linguistica 33.1 (1993) pp. 187-190.
  • Pronk-Tiethoff, Saskia, The Germanic loanwords in Proto-Slavic (Amsterdam/New York 2013) p. 147