πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½

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Gothic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *swΔ«nΔ…, from an adjectival form of Proto-Indo-European *suH-. Cognate to Old English swΔ«n and Old Norse svΓ­n, and Latin suΔ«nus (β€œporcine”, adjective).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½ β€’ (sweinn

  1. pig (animal, Sus)
    • 4th Century, Wulfila (tr.), Gothic Bible: Gospel of Matthew (Codex Argenteus) 8.30:[1]
      π…πŒ°πƒπŒΏπŒ· 𐌸𐌰𐌽 π†πŒ°πŒΉπ‚π‚πŒ° 𐌹𐌼 πŒ·πŒ°πŒΉπ‚πŒ³πŒ° πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ΄ 𐌼𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌲𐌰𐌹𐌢𐌴 𐌷𐌰𐌻𐌳𐌰𐌽𐌰.
      wasuh ΓΎan fairra im hairda sweinΔ“ managaizΔ“ haldana.
      And there was a good way off from them an herd of many swine feeding. (KJV).
    • 4th Century, Wulfila (tr.), Gothic Bible: Gospel of Luke (Codex Argenteus) 15.16:[2]
      𐌾𐌰𐌷 πŒ²πŒ°πŒΉπ‚πŒ½πŒΉπŒ³πŒ° πƒπŒ°πŒ³ πŒΉπ„πŒ°πŒ½ πŒ·πŒ°πŒΏπ‚πŒ½πŒ΄, πŒΈπ‰πŒ΄πŒΉ πŒΌπŒ°π„πŒΉπŒ³πŒ΄πŒ³πŒΏπŒ½ πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°, 𐌾𐌰𐌷 𐌼𐌰𐌽𐌽𐌰 𐌹𐌼𐌼𐌰 𐌽𐌹 πŒ²πŒ°π†.
      jah gairnida sad itan haurnΔ“, þōei matidΔ“dun sweina, jah manna imma ni gaf.
      And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him. (KJV).
    • 4th Century, Wulfila (tr.), Gothic Bible: Gospel of Mark (Codex Argenteus) 5.12:[3]
      𐌾𐌰𐌷 𐌱𐌴𐌳𐌿𐌽 𐌹𐌽𐌰 πŒ°πŒ»πŒ»π‰πƒ πŒΈπ‰πƒ πŒΏπŒ½πŒ·πŒΏπŒ»πŒΈπ‰πŒ½πƒ πŒ΅πŒΉπŒΈπŒ°πŒ½πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πƒ: πŒΉπŒ½πƒπŒ°πŒ½πŒ³πŒ΄πŒΉ πŒΏπŒ½πƒπŒΉπƒ 𐌹𐌽 πŒΈπ‰ πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°, 𐌴𐌹 𐌹𐌽 πŒΈπ‰ 𐌲𐌰𐌻𐌴𐌹𐌸𐌰𐌹𐌼𐌰.
      jah bΔ“dun ina allōs þōs unhulþōns qiΓΎandeins: insandei unsis in þō sweina, ei in þō galeiΓΎaima.
      And all the devils besought him, saying, Send us into the swine, that we may enter into them. (KJV).

Declension[edit]

No singular forms are attested, but they probably existed.

Neuter a-stem
Singular Plural
Nominative πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½
swein
πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
sweina
Vocative πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½
swein
πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
sweina
Accusative πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½
swein
πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
sweina
Genitive πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒΉπƒ
sweinis
πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ΄
sweinΔ“
Dative πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°
sweina
πƒπ…πŒ΄πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°πŒΌ
sweinam

Holonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matthew chapter 8 Provided by Project Wulfila 2004, University of Antwerp, Belgium. Last modified on 2005-03-30 by TDH.
  2. ^ Luke chapter 15 Provided by Project Wulfila 2004, University of Antwerp, Belgium. Last modified on 2005-03-30 by TDH.
  3. ^ Mark chapter 5 Provided by Project Wulfila 2004, University of Antwerp, Belgium. Last modified on 2005-03-30 by TDH.

Further reading[edit]