-ость

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ostь. Some authors claim that the suffix -ость (-ostĭ) is merged from double suffixation *-ot-tь, but there is a lot of evidence that suffix *-ostь already existed in Late Proto-Slavic. Also, compare Old Armenian -ստ (-st).

Suffix[edit]

-ость (-ostĭ)

  1. -ness, -ity; deadjectival nominalizing suffix used to create an i-stem feminine noun, usually an abstract noun denoting a quality.

Usage notes[edit]

When attached to a soft (palatal) stem, the variant -есть (-estĭ) is used.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ostь

Suffix[edit]

-ость (-ostʹf

  1. -ness, -ity (used to form abstract nouns from adjectives)
    твёрдый (tvjórdyj, hard)твёрдость (tvjórdostʹ, hardness)
    бе́дный (bédnyj, poor)бе́дность (bédnostʹ, poorness)
    лихо́й (lixój, daring)ли́хость (líxostʹ, bravery, daring)
    гла́сный (glásnyj, open)гла́сность (glásnostʹ, openness)
    ста́рый (stáryj, old)ста́рость (stárostʹ, old age)
    безгра́мотный (bezgrámotnyj, illiterate)безгра́мотность (bezgrámotnostʹ, illiteracy)
    безнадёжный (beznadjóžnyj, hopeless)безнадёжность (beznadjóžnostʹ, hopelessness)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]