-ёный

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See also: -еный

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare the past-passive-participle suffix -ённый(-jónnyj).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ёный (-jónyj)

  1. Suffix used to form passive-participle-like adjectives from verbs that normally form past passive participles in -ённый(-jónnyj).
    вари́ть(varítʹ, to boil)варёный(varjónyj, boiled)
    плести́(plestí, to weave)плетёный(pletjónyj, (attributive) wicker)
    учи́ть(učítʹ, to teach)учёный(učónyj, learned)

Usage notes[edit]

For most such adjectives, short forms in -ён(-jon), -ёна(-jóna), -ёно(-jóno), -ёны(-jóny) exist theoretically, but are usually avoided due to ambiguity with the short forms of the corresponding past passive participle in -ённый(-jónnyj) (in the case of -ёна(-jóna), -ёно(-jóno), -ёны(-jóny) the ambiguity is with colloquial forms; the corresponding standard short forms for participles in -ённый(-jónnyj) are -ена́(-ená), -ено́(-enó), -ены́(-ený)). However, this doesn't apply to some adjectives, e.g. учёный(učónyj), where the short forms are in normal use.

See also[edit]

  • -лый(-lyj) (used to form similar adjectives from intransitive verbs)