-ոց

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See also: -ng, .ng, ng, Ng, NG, ng̃, and Ng̃

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian -ոց ‎(-ocʿ); see below.

Suffix[edit]

-ոց

  1. Forms nouns with the meaning of place.
    պահոց ‎(pahocʿ) — storehouse, repository
  2. Forms nouns denoting an instrument, tool, article.
    սղոց ‎(słocʿ) — saw
    կապոց ‎(kapocʿ) — package
  3. Forms nouns denoting a name of an action. Often corresponds to -ing.
    նվնվոց ‎(nvnvocʿ) — whining
    ֆշշոց ‎(fššocʿ) — hissing

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-sko-, *-skā- suffix, with a preceding -ո- ‎(-o-) stem vowel. The place-showing sense developed in Armenian.

Suffix[edit]

-ոց ‎(-ocʿ)

  1. Forming nouns with the meaning of place.
    դպրոց‎ ― dprocʿ ― school
    ամրոց‎ ― amrocʿ ― fortress
  2. Forming nouns denoting an instrument, tool, article.
    գելոց‎ ― gelocʿ ― an instrument of torture
  3. Forming nouns denoting a name of an action. Often corresponds to English -ing.
    խայթոց‎ ― xaytʿocʿ ― bite; sting
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]
  • Armenian: -ոց ‎(-ocʿ)

References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ոց”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48

Etymology 2[edit]

From the stem vowel -ա- ‎(-a-) + ‎(-cʿ, genitive/dative/ablative case marker).

Suffix[edit]

-ոց ‎(-ocʿ)

  1. the plural genitive case ending of o-stem nouns
    հայոց‎ ― hayocʿ ― genitive plural case of հայ ‎(hay)
    բերանոց‎ ― beranocʿ ― genitive plural case of բերան ‎(beran)
  2. the plural dative case ending of o-stem nouns
    հայոց‎ ― hayocʿ ― dative plural case of հայ ‎(hay)
    բերանոց‎ ― beranocʿ ― dative plural case of բերան ‎(beran)
  3. the plural locative case ending of o-stem nouns
    հայոց‎ ― hayocʿ ― abaltive plural case of հայ ‎(hay)
    բերանոց‎ ― beranocʿ ― abaltive plural case of բերան ‎(beran)

Related terms[edit]