-ոց

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See also: -ng, .ng, ng, Ng, NG, ng̃, and Ng̃

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian -ոց (-ocʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ոց (-ocʿ)

  1. forming nouns with the meaning of place
    պահոցpahocʿstorehouse, repository
  2. forming nouns denoting an instrument, tool, article
    սղոցsłocʿsaw
    կապոցkapocʿpackage
  3. forming nouns denoting a name of an action; -ing
    նվնվոցnvnvocʿwhining
    ֆշշոցfššocʿhissing

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-sko-, *-skā- suffix, with a preceding -ո- (-o-) stem vowel. The place-showing sense developed in Armenian.

Suffix[edit]

-ոց (-ocʿ)

  1. Forming nouns with the meaning of place.
    դպրոցdprocʿschool
    ամրոցamrocʿfortress
  2. Forming nouns denoting an instrument, tool, article.
    գելոցgelocʿan instrument of torture
  3. Forming nouns denoting a name of an action. Often corresponds to English -ing.
    խայթոցxaytʿocʿbite; sting
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]
  • Armenian: -ոց (-ocʿ)

References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ոց”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48

Etymology 2[edit]

From the stem vowel -ա- (-a-) + (-cʿ, genitive/dative/ablative case marker).

Suffix[edit]

-ոց (-ocʿ)

  1. the plural genitive case ending of o-stem nouns
    հայոցhayocʿgenitive plural case of հայ (hay)
    բերանոցberanocʿgenitive plural case of բերան (beran)
  2. the plural dative case ending of o-stem nouns
    հայոցhayocʿdative plural case of հայ (hay)
    բերանոցberanocʿdative plural case of բերան (beran)
  3. the plural locative case ending of o-stem nouns
    հայոցhayocʿabaltive plural case of հայ (hay)
    բերանոցberanocʿabaltive plural case of բերան (beran)

Related terms[edit]