-ný

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: -ny

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ьnъ.

See also -ní.

Suffix[edit]

-ný

  1. -ful
    barva + ‎-ný → ‎barevný
    kal + ‎-ný → ‎kalný
    pokoj + ‎-ný → ‎pokojný
  2. (chemistry) Added at the end of the name of an electropositive component with an oxidation number of I in a compound.
    sodíksodný (chlorid sodný, sodium chloride)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ьnъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ný m

  1. -ful
    farbafarebný
    pokojpokojný
  2. (chemistry) Added at the end of the name of an electropositive component with an oxidation number of I in a compound.
    sodíksodný (chlorid sodný, sodium chloride)

Usage notes[edit]

If the preceding vowel or syllabic consonant is long or is a one of the diphthongs ia, ie, iu or ô, the vowel of this suffix is shortened to -ny.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]