Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ansuz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂émsus, from *h₂ems- (to engender, beget). Compare Hittite 𒈗𒍑 (ḫa-aš-šu-uš /ḫaššuš/, king), Avestan 𐬀𐬵𐬎‎(ahu‎, lord), 𐬀𐬢𐬵𐬎(aŋhu, lord; life, existence), Sanskrit असु (ásu, spirit, life-force, life), असुर (ásura, godlike, powerful).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*ansuz m[1]

  1. deity, god
  2. name of the A-rune ()

Inflection[edit]

u-stemDeclension of *ansuz (u-stem)
singular plural
nominative *ansuz *ansiwiz
vocative *ansu *ansiwiz
accusative *ansų *ansunz
genitive *ansauz *ansiwǫ̂
dative *ansiwi *ansumaz
instrumental *ansū *ansumiz

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-West Germanic: *ansu
    • Old English: ōs
    • Old Saxon: ās, ōs
  • Proto-Norse: *ᚨᛊᚢᛉ (*asuz)
    • Old Norse: áss
      • Icelandic: ás m
        • Swedish: as, ås c
        • Danish: as c
      • Faroese: ásur m
      • Norwegian Nynorsk: ås m
      • Norwegian Bokmål: ås m
  • Gothic: *𐌰𐌽𐍃𐌿𐍃 (*ansus)
    • Latin: Ansis (from the plural)
  • Vandalic: *ans-

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*ansu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 30