Appendix:Proto-Germanic/bi

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Pre-Germanic *h₁pi, zero-grade of Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi, with voicing due to Verner's law. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐπί (epí, on, at).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

*bi

  1. (with accusative or dative) by, at
  2. (with accusative or dative) near, around

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Old English:
    • Scots: by
    • English: by
  • Old Frisian: bi, be
    • West Frisian: by
  • Old Saxon: bi
    • Low German: bi
      • Swedish: bi
  • Old Dutch: bi
    • Middle Dutch: bi
      • Dutch: bij
        • Afrikaans: by
  • Old High German: bi
  • Gothic: 𐌱𐌹 (bi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers