Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/bi

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Pre-Germanic *h₁pi, zero-grade of Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi, with voicing due to Verner's law. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐπί(epí, on, at).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

*bi

  1. (with accusative or dative) by, at
  2. (with accusative or dative) near, around

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Old English:
  • Old Frisian: bi, be
    • North Frisian: bi
    • Saterland Frisian: bie
    • West Frisian: by
  • Old Saxon: bi,
    • Middle Low German: bi
      • Low German: bi
        • Swedish: bi
  • Old Dutch: bi
    • Middle Dutch: bi
      • Dutch: bij
        • Afrikaans: by
  • Old High German:
    • Middle High German:
  • Gothic: 𐌱𐌹(bi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill