Appendix:Proto-Germanic/ubilaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂upélos from *h₂wep-, *h₂wap- ‎(bad). Cognate with Old Irish fel ‎(bad), Hittite [script needed] ‎(huwap(p)-/hup(p)-, to mistreat).

Alternative etymology traces *ubilaz to Proto-Indo-European *upélos ‎(evil, literally going over or beyond (acceptable limits)), from Proto-Indo-European *upo, *up, *eup ‎(down, up, over)..

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

*ubilaz ‎(adverb *wirsiz, comparative *wirsizô, superlative *wirsistaz)

  1. bad, evil

Declension[edit]


Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]