Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Some argue that it is a deadjectival noun of *deru-, *drew- ‎(hard, firm, strong, solid) with reflexes as Latin dūrus ‎(hard, rough), Old English trum ‎(strong, firm) and Ancient Greek δροόν ‎(droón, strong, mighty).


*dóru n ‎(oblique stem *dréw-)

  1. tree


Athematic, proterokinetic
nominative *dóru
genitive *dréws
singular dual plural
nominative *dóru *dórwih₁ *dóruh₂
vocative *dóru *dórwih₁ *dóruh₂
accusative *dóru *dórwih₁ *dóruh₂
genitive *dréws *? *dréwoHom
ablative *dréws *? *drúmos
dative *dréwey *? *drúmos
locative *dréw, *dréwi *? *drúsu
instrumental *drúh₁ *? *drúbʰi


  • Albanian: dru ‎(wood, tree) (< *druwa < *druh₂o)
  • Anatolian:
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *der(H)wom
    • Latvian: dar̂va ‎(pitch)
    • Lithuanian: dervà ‎(tar, resin), drevė ‎(tree hollow)
    • Slavic: *dervo < PBSl. *der(H)wom (see there for further descendants); *drъvo ‎(wood) < PIE (collective) *druh₂-
  • Celtic:
  • Germanic: *trewą (see there for further descendants)
    • *trewwō (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *dóru
    • Mycenaean Greek: 𐀉𐀬𐀵𐀗 ‎(du-ru-to-mo, treecutters) < zero-grade *dr̥u
    • Ancient Greek: δόρυ ‎(dóru, tree trunk, wood; spear) < *dóru
    • Ancient Greek: δρῦς ‎(drûs, tree, oak) < (collective) *druh₂-
  • Indo-Iranian: *dā́ru < *dóru (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: or, with unexplained loss of inital /d/
    • Tocharian A: or ‎(wood)
    • Tocharian B: or ‎(wood), plural ārwa ‎(firewood)