Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/dóru

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Some argue that it is a deadjectival noun of *deru-, *drew- ‎(hard, firm, strong, solid) with reflexes as Latin dūrus ‎(hard, rough), Old English trum ‎(strong, firm) and Ancient Greek δροόν ‎(droón, strong, mighty).

Noun[edit]

*dóru n ‎(oblique stem *dréw-)

  1. tree

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: dru ‎(wood, tree) (< *druwa < *druh₂o)
  • Anatolian:
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *der(H)wom
    • Latvian: dar̂va ‎(pitch)
    • Lithuanian: dervà ‎(tar, resin), drevė ‎(tree hollow)
    • Slavic: *dervo < PBSl. *der(H)wom (see there for further descendants); *drъvo ‎(wood) < PIE (collective) *druh₂-
  • Celtic:
  • Germanic: *trewą < *dréwom (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *trewwō (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *dóru
    • Mycenaean Greek: 𐀉𐀬𐀵𐀗 ‎(du-ru-to-mo, treecutters) < zero-grade *dr̥u
    • Ancient Greek: δόρυ ‎(dóru, tree trunk, wood; spear) < *dóru
    • Ancient Greek: δρῦς ‎(drûs, tree, oak) < (collective) *druh₂-
  • Indo-Iranian: *dāru < *dóru
  • Tocharian: or, with unexplained loss of inital /d/
    • Tocharian A: or ‎(wood)
    • Tocharian B: or ‎(wood), plural ārwa ‎(firewood)