Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₃rḗǵs

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *h₃reǵ- +‎ *-s.

Noun[edit]

*h₃rḗǵs m

  1. king, ruler

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *h₃rḗǵs
genitive *h₃réǵs
singular dual plural
nominative *h₃rḗǵs *h₃réǵh₁(e) *h₃réǵes
vocative *h₃réǵ *h₃réǵh₁(e) *h₃réǵes
accusative *h₃réǵm̥ *h₃réǵh₁(e) *h₃réǵm̥s
genitive *h₃réǵs *? *h₃réǵoHom
ablative *h₃réǵs *? *h₃réǵmos
dative *h₃réǵey *? *h₃réǵmos
locative *h₃réǵ, *h₃réǵi *? *h₃réǵsu
instrumental *h₃réǵh₁ *? *h₃réǵbʰi

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₃rḗǵ-ō
    • Indo-Iranian: *Hrā́ȷ́ā
  • *h₃rēǵ-yom
    • Celtic: *rīgyom (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₃reǵ-ō
    • Germanic: *rekô (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₃réǵ-os
    • Germanic: *rekaz (see there for further descendants)

Descendants[edit]

  • Celtic: *rīxs (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *Hrā́ćš (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *rēks (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]