Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/lewbʰ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*lewbʰ-

  1. to love

Derived terms[edit]

  • *lubʰ-yé-ti (ye-present)
    • Albanian: *luPi-
    • Indo-Iranian: *lubʰyáti
  • *lowbʰ-éye-ti (causative)
  • *lubʰ-eh₁-(ye)-ti (stative)
  • *lewbʰ-o-s
    • Balto-Slavic: *ljaubas
      • Slavic: *ľubъ (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *leubaz (dear, beloved) (see there for further descendants)
  • *lubʰ-o-m
    • Germanic: *lubą (praise), *lubōną (to praise) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: liaupsė (praise)
      • Slavic: *ľubiti (to love) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *lubō (love), *leubō (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *louβ-

Root[edit]

*lewbʰ-

  1. to cut off

Derived terms[edit]

  • *lowbʰ-o-m
    • Germanic: *laubą (leaf) (see there for further descendants)
  • lubʰ-ró-s
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Old Church Slavonic: лѹбъ (lubŭ, bark of a tree)
    • Lithuanian: lùpti (to peel, to shell)
    • Ancient Greek: λυπή (lupḗ, pain)
    • Iranian: *libah (Perhaps)
      • Classical Persian: لیف(līf, bark of palm; leaf of tree)
      • Talysh: (/līv/, leaf)
        Arabic: لیو
        Latin: liv