Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ter-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*ter-

  1. tender, weak
  2. young creature

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *ter- not found


  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: trim
    • Armenian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian tar̃nas ‎(servant)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: τέρυ ‎(téru, weak, small), τέρην ‎(térēn, smooth, gentle), τεράμων ‎(terámōn, becoming soft by boiling)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian: *taruna-, *tarna-, *taru-
        • Avestan: [script needed] ‎(tauruna, the young of humans and animals)
        • Middle Persian: [script needed] ‎(tarōk, young), [script needed] ‎(tōrūk, young dog)
        • Ossetian:
        • Persian: تر ‎(tar, wet), توله ‎(tôla, whelp), ترانه ‎(tarâna, a handsome youth)
        • Sogdian: trn ‎(tarun, tame, gentle)
    • Italic:

References[edit]

  • Pokorny, Julius (1959), “²ter-, teru-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1070 of 1070, 1071
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “թարմ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 161, 198
  • Abajev, V. I. (1979), “²tæryn, tyryn | tærna”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ osetinskovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), volume III, Moscow, Leningrad: USSR Academy of Sciences, page 280