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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. tender, weak
  2. young creature

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *ter- not found

  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: trim
    • Armenian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian tar̃nas ‎(servant)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: τέρυ ‎(téru, weak, small), τέρην ‎(térēn, smooth, gentle), τεράμων ‎(terámōn, becoming soft by boiling)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian: *taruna-, *tarna-, *taru-
        • Avestan: [script needed] ‎(tauruna, the young of humans and animals)
        • Middle Persian: [script needed] ‎(tarōk, young), [script needed] ‎(tōrūk, young dog)
        • Ossetian:
        • Persian: تر ‎(tar, wet), توله ‎(tôla, whelp), ترانه ‎(tarâna, a handsome youth)
        • Sogdian: trn ‎(tarun, tame, gentle)
    • Italic:


  • Pokorny, Julius (1959), “²ter-, teru-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1070 of 1070, 1071
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “թարմ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 161, 198
  • Abajev, V. I. (1979), “²tæryn, tyryn | tærna”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ osetinskovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), volume III, Moscow, Leningrad: USSR Academy of Sciences, page 280