Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *sriat (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *g/b-sat (Matisoff, STEDT); *g-sat (LaPolla, 1987; Benedict, 1972); *g-sɑ̂t (Chou, 1972)

Compare Proto-Monic *k-r-cət ("to kill") (Mon ဃာစိုတ် ‎(həcɒt, to kill)), Proto-Mon-Khmer *gət ~ gut ‎(to kill) (Khmer គុត ‎(kut, to kill, to slay)) ~ Vietnamese giết ‎(to kill).

< Proto-Mon-Khmer *kc(ə)t ‎(to die) (Proto-Monic *kcət, Vietnamese chết).


  1. to kill
  2. to hit, to strike


  • Old Chinese: /*s‹r›at/ (B-S); /*sreːd/ (ZS) ("to kill"); /*s‹r›at-s/ (B-S); /*sreːds/ (ZS) ("to diminish")
    • Middle Chinese: /ʃɣɛt, ʃɣɛiH/, informally also: /ʃɣɛt/ ("to kill, to stop; very, extremely; evil spirit")

         Japanese:   (さつ, satsu)
            Korean:   ‎(sal) (, sal)
            Vietnamese:  sát

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (shā, /ʂa⁵⁵/), (shài, /ʂaɪ̯⁵¹/), (shà, /ʂa⁵¹/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /sɑːt̚³, sɑːi³³/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /sᴀʔ⁵⁵/
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /sat̚³/
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: གསོད་པ ‎(gsod pa, to kill, to slaughter, to murder; to extinguish, to eliminate, to eradicate, to annihilate) (pf. བསད ‎(bsad))
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: သတ် ‎(sat, to kill; to quench (fire); to fight, to struggle)
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): ‎(sit, to kill; to stab; to fight a war)

See also[edit]