Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-akъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (causing iotation of the preceding consonant): *-jakъ

Etymology[edit]

Deverbal derivations are easily secondary, motivated by parallel formations, e.g.

Comparison with cognates in other Indo-European languages indicates antiquity of deadjectival formations:

Suffix[edit]

*-akъ m

  1. Deadjectival, forming nouns denoting a carrier of a property.
    *junъ(young)*junakъ(a young man)
    *novъ(new)*novakъ(novice)
    *svojь(one's own)*svojakъ(relative, cousin)
  2. Denominal, forming nouns denoting something connected in meaning to the baseword.
    *rodъ(kin)*rodjakъ(relative, cousin)
    *ryba(fish)*rybakъ(fishing)
  3. Denominal, forming masculine counterparts of feminine nouns.
    *gǫsь(goose)*gǫsakъ(gander)
  4. Deverbal, from the root, forming agent nouns.
    *prositi(to ask; beg)*prosjakъ >*prošakъ(beggar; asker)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-akъ not found


Descendants[edit]

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -акъ(-akŭ)
      • Belarusian: -ак(-ak)
      • Russian: -ак(-ak)
      • Ukrainian: -ак(-ak)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: -акъ(-akŭ)
      Glagolitic: -ⰰⰽⱏ(-akŭ)
    • Bulgarian: -ак(-ak)
    • Macedonian: -ак(-ak)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: -ак
      Latin: -ak
    • Slovene: -ak

References[edit]