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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *déh₃rom(gift), from the root *deh₃-(to give), turning masculine by Illič-Svityč's rule.

Direct cognate is Ancient Greek δῶρον(dôron, gift) and Old Armenian տուր(tur). Indirect cognates (with the suffix -no) are Latin dōnum(gift) and Sanskrit दान(dāná, gift).


Vasmer and Derksen assume an original v-stem, but ESSJa claims that the forms with -ov- are secondary. Sławski claims that the evidence in inconclusive, and the history of the word as well as the derivatives indicate a coexistence of a v-stem.


*dȃrъ m

  1. gift (that which you give to someone)
    *darъmь/*daromь‎ ― for free
    *dati darъmь/*daromь‎ ― to give for free
    *vъ darъ dati‎ ― to give as a gift
    *božьjь darъ‎ ― something sent by God
  2. (figuratively) talent, gift (ability)
  3. (in the plural) ceremonial gifts offered to the bride and groom during a wedding or exchanged during the wedding between the closest relatives and newlyweds


Accent paradigm c.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • *dati(to give)