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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *dāˀra, from Proto-Indo-European *déh₃rom (gift), from the root *deh₃- (to give), turning masculine by Illič-Svityč's rule.

Direct cognates are Ancient Greek δῶρον (dôron, gift), Old Armenian տուր (tur). Indirect cognates (with the suffix -no) are Latin dōnum (gift), Sanskrit दान (dāná, gift).


Vasmer and Derksen assume an original v-stem, but ESSJa claims that the forms with -ov- are secondary. Sławski claims that the evidence in inconclusive, and the history of the word as well as the derivatives indicate a coexistence of a v-stem.


*dȃrъ m[1][2][3]

  1. gift (given to another)
    *darъmь/*daromьfor free
    *dati darъmь/*daromьto give for free
    *vъ darъ datito give as a gift
    *božьjь darъsomething sent by God
  2. (figurative) talent, gift (ability)
  3. (in the plural) ceremonial gifts offered to the bride and groom during a wedding or exchanged during the wedding between the closest relatives and newlyweds


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: даръ (darŭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: dar
    • Polish: dar
    • Slovak: dar
    • Slovincian: dǻr
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: dar
      • Upper Sorbian: dar

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*dȃrъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 96: “m. u (c) ‘gift’”
  2. ^ Kapović, Mate (2007) , “The Development of Proto-Slavic Quantity”, in Wiener Slavistisches Jahrbuch[1], University of Vienna, page 7: “*dȃrъ”
  3. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “darъ daru”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (NA 137; PR 137; RPT 102)”