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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *gor-, *gir-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷerH-. Cognate with Lithuanian girià (woods) (dialectal gìrė̂), Old Prussian garian (tree), Pashto غر (ǧar), Sanskrit गिरि (girí, mountain, hill), Avestan 𐬔𐬀𐬌𐬭𐬌 (gairi, mountain), and possibly Ancient Greek δειράς (deirás). Per Vasmer, possibly also related to Ancient Greek βορέᾱς (boréās), βορρᾱς (borrhās, North Wind) (Homeric βορέης (boréēs)), Albanian gur (stone).


*gorà f

  1. mountain
  2. hill
  3. any mountainous elevation (covered in forests)


Derived terms[edit]


  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: hora (mountain), dialectal hůra
    • Kashubian: góra
    • Polish: góra (mountain)
    • Slovak: hora ((wooded) mountain)
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: góra
      • Upper Sorbian: hora (mountain)


  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “гора́”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 203
  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “*gorà”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, pages 177–178
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1980), “*gora”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 07, Moscow: Nauka, pages 29–31
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “гора́”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress