Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/slověninъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Roman Jakobson believes the word is from *slovo (word), with a link to Old East Slavic кличане (kličane, hunters, who raise game by shout) : кличь (kličʹ), and also perceives an opposition of *slověne vs. *němьci.

  • Trubachev (Трубачёв) says Jakobson's etymology is promising, with the verb *slovǫ, *sluti (to speak (understandably)).
  • Vasmer says it has nothing to do with *slava (glory, fame) which influenced it in terms of folk etymology later. *slověne can't be formed from *slovo because *-ěninъ, *-aninъ only occurs in derivations from place names, however a local name *Slovy is not attested. Most likely it's derived from a hydronym.
Compare Old East Slavic Словутичь (Slovutičĭ)Dnepr epithet, Russian Слуя (Sluja) ― affluent of Вазуза (Vazuza), Polish river names Sława, Sławica, Serbo-Croatian Славница and others, which brings together with Ancient Greek κλύζω (klúzō, I lave), κλύζωει (klúzōei) · πλημμυρεῖ (plēmmureî), ῥέει (rhéei), βρύει (brúei), κλύδων (klúdōn, surf), Latin cluō (I clean), cloāca (sewer pipe). Other etymologies are less likely.
  • Bernstein repeats this etymology: from *slawos (people, nation, folk).
  • Maher agrees with Trubachev's connection of it to *sluti (to be known),[1] on the grounds that *slovo (word) is an s-stem, *sloves-, which would have led to an expected form *slovesěni (compare Russian слове́сность (slovésnostʹ)

Noun[edit]

*slověninъ m

  1. Slav

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “славянин”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress
  • Slav” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present. (etymology)
  • Трубачев О. Н. Из исследований по праславянскому словообразованию: генезис модели на -ěninъ, -*janinъ // Этимология 1980. М.: «Наука», 1982. С.
  • Sreznevsky, Izmail (1912), “словѣнинъ”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ[1] [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language According to Written Monuments] (in Russian), volume 3: Р Ѡ, Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 421
  • Stanislav, Jan (1904-1977): Starosloviensky jazyk II: Morfológia, Bratislava 1987
  1. ^ John P. Maher (Chicago), "The Etymology of Common Slavic slověne 'Slavs'", (in:) Balkansko Ezikoznanie XIV, 2, p. 31–36, Sofia 1970