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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *śwaitas, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwoytos / *ḱweytos (bright; shine), from *ḱwey-.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian šviẽsti (to shine).

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit श्वेत (śveta, white, bright), Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬀𐬉𐬙𐬀 (spaēta, white), Proto-Germanic *hwītaz (white), Sanskrit श्वित्र (śvitra, white), Old Persian [script needed] (spiθra, white). Cognate with English white.


*svě̑tъ m

  1. light
  2. world


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  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 476
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “свет”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “свет”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 145