Appendix:Romanian parts of speech

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Pronouns[edit]

As in Italian, pronouns are generally omitted in Romanian unless required to disambiguate the meaning of a sentence. Usually, the verb ending provides information about the subject.

Singular Plural
1st Person eu - I noi - we
2nd Person

familiar

tu - you

voi - you

polite

dumneavoastră - you

dumneavoastră - you

3rd Person

familiar

ea - she
el - he

ele - they (f)
ei - they (m)

polite

dumneaei - she
dumnealui - he

dumnealor - they

Nouns[edit]

Unlike the other Romance languages, Romanian has three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter, keeping the neuter gender from Latin. Nouns of this gender use the masculine form for the singular and the feminine form for the plural.

Another peculiarity of Romanian is that it is the only Romance language that has the definite article attached to the end of the noun (as in Swedish) instead of being a separate word in front.

Gender Noun Definite article Noun with article
Feminine carte = book -a cartea = the book
Masculine drum = road -ul drumul = the road

Verbs[edit]

Romanian has the same four groups of verbs as Latin and unlike English, it has no sequence of tenses nor strict rules regarding their use, but it does have many alternatives (for example, it has six different types of future tense).