From Arabic بَعْث (baʿṯ, “resurrection”), part of the party's official name, حِزْب البَعْث العَرَبِيّ الاِشْتِرَاكِيّ (ḥizb al-baʿṯ al-ʿarabiyy al-ištirākiyy, literally “the party of the Arab socialist resurrection”). The sequence ــَعْـ (aʿ) is often rendered as ⟨aa⟩ in English; compare Baalbek for بَعْلَبَكّ (baʿlabakk), the Kaaba for الكَعْبَة (al-kaʿba), Saad (name) for سَعْد (saʿd), or zaatar for زَعْتَر (zaʿtar).
- The Arab Socialist Baath Party, a secular Arab socialist political party present in several countries in the Middle East, most prominently Iraq and Syria.
- 1959, Swiss Review of World Affairs, page 23:
- Today it is they that proclaim the slogan of "federation"—which is opposed to the Baath's postulates.
- 1978, Ware, Lewis B., A Handbook of the Arab-Israeli Crisis, page 96:
- Nasser had a country without a party, but the Baath was still a party without a country.
- 1980, Dawisha, Adeed I., Syria and the Lebanese crisis, page 46:
- For the Party to succeed in achieving these aims, Aflaq insisted that the Baath had to be nationalist, populist, socialist and revolutionary.
- 2012, Habeeb, William Mark, The Middle East in Turmoil, page 185:
- The Baath is an avowedly secular party that has pursued socialist economic policies and at one time was aligned with the "godless" Soviet Union.
- 2016, Mansour, Imad, Statecraft in the Middle East, page 125:
- The 1973 War was an opportunity for decision makers to demonstrate that their work under the Baath was substantively different than their predecessors, [...]
- 2021, Solomon, Christopher, In Search of Greater Syria, page 5:
- It was on this platform that the Baath would bring glory, honor, and enlightenment back to the Arab World in the wake of European colonialism.