- An Old English epic poem written circa 1025.
- John Gardner’s retelling of Beowulf is titled Grendel.
- (poetic) An Anglo-Saxon personal name, usually with reference to the hero of the poem, or to the poem itself.
- Beowulf is as great a hero as Sigmund.
Origin uncertain, perhaps from bēo (“bee”) + wulf (“wolf”), literally “bee-hunter”, used as a kenning for “bear” or “woodpecker”. Compare also the alternative form Beadowulf, from beadu (“battle”) + wulf, which may be the original.
- ^ Traditions, Superstitions, and Folklore, (chiefly Lancashire and the North of England: ) Their Affinity to Others in Widely-distributed Localities; Their Eastern Origin and Mythical Significance by Charles Hardwick, 1872.
- ^ Curiosities of Indo-European Tradition and Folk-lore by Walter Keating Kelly, 1863.
- ^ The Saxons in England: A History of the English Commonwealth Till the Period of the Norman Conquest by John Mitchell Kemble, 1849.