Category:Swedish class 4 strong verbs

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Recent additions to the category
  1. överenskomma
  2. komma åt
  3. återkomma
  4. tillkomma
  5. utkomma
  6. uppkomma
  7. ankomma
  8. åstadkomma
  9. innebära
  10. undkomma
Oldest pages ordered by last edit
  1. komma ihåg
  2. bära
  3. skära
  4. bekomma
  5. svära
  6. stjäla
  7. besvärja
  8. komma överens
  9. förekomma
  10. undkomma

Fundamental » All languages » Swedish » Lemmas » Verbs » Verbs by inflection type » Strong verbs » Class 4 strong verbs

Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by a sonorant (m, n, l, r) but no other consonant in Proto-Indo-European.

Class 4 has become almost indistinguishable from the second type of class 3 strong verb (with original -e-) in modern Swedish. (It should be noted that up until the late 18th century, the past plural/past subjunctive forms of these verbs was formed with the vowel -å-, so that the verb bära had the past plural/subjunctive båro and båre. This merged with the class 3 past plural/subjunctive, so that these two became buro and bure, respectively.)

The only current distinction is the vowel length, which is determined by the number of consonants following the vowel. Those verbs with a long vowel (one consonant after the vowel), which are mostly original class 4 verbs, have been placed in this category.

Form Young Older
Present tense -e/ä-
Past singular -a-
Past plural/subjunctive¹ -u- -å-
Supine -u-
¹ The number distinction in verbs has been lost in modern spoken Swedish, which only uses what was historically the singular. For more information see Appendix:Swedish verbs#Dated and archaic forms.

Pages in category "Swedish class 4 strong verbs"

The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total.