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See also: cimmerian


 Cimmerians on Wikipedia
 Cimmerian Sibyl on Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From the Latin Cimmerius, from Ancient Greek Κιμμέριος (Kimmérios, pertaining to the Cimmerii) +‎ -an.



Cimmerian (plural Cimmerians)

  1. (Greek mythology) Any of the mythical people supposed to inhabit a land of perpetual darkness.
    • 1791, Homer, The Odyssey of Homer, translated by William Cowper
      The city, there, of the Cimmerians stands
      With clouds and darkness veil’d, on whom the sun
      Deigns not to look with his beam-darting eye,
    • 1900, Jack London, The Shrinkage of the Planet
      On their mysterious shores were the improbable homes of impossible peoples. The Great Sea, the Broad Sea, the Boundless Sea; the Ethiopians, "dwelling far away, the most distant of men," and the Cimmerians, "covered with darkness and cloud," where "baleful night is spread over timid mortals."
  2. one of the Cimmerii, ancient equestrian nomads of Indo-European origin
    • c. 1588–1593, William Shakespeare, “The Lamentable Tragedy of Titus Andronicus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, (please specify the act number in uppercase Roman numerals, and the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals):
      Believe me, queen, your swarth Cimmerian
      Doth make your honour of his body's hue,
      Spotted, detested, and abominable.
    • 1902, Encyclopedia Britannica
      The Phrygian power was broken in the 9th or 8th century B.C. by the Cimmerians, who entered Asia Minor through Armenia
    • 1910, Herodotus (484 B.C.E.–425 B.C.E.), History of Herodotus, translated by George Rawlinson
      In his reign the Cimmerians, driven from their homes by the nomads of Scythia, entered Asia and captured Sardis
  3. (historical) the prophetic priestess presiding over the Apollonian Oracle at Cimmerium in Italy.
    • 1867 to 1885, Lactantius (240–320 C.E.), Ante-Nicene Fathers, translated by William Fletcher
      Varro relates that there were ten Sibyls,—the first of the Persians, the second the Libyan, the third the Delphian, the fourth the Cimmerian...
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


Cimmerian (comparative more Cimmerian, superlative most Cimmerian)

  1. Pertaining to the ancient Cimmerians.
  2. Characteristic of Cimmeria; especially describing particularly dense darkness etc.

Proper noun[edit]


  1. the language of the Cimmerians, possibly belonging to the Iranian branch

Etymology 2[edit]

Cimmeria +‎ -an.


Cimmerian (not comparable)

  1. related to the prehistoric continent of Cimmeria