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See also: croton and crôton


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New Latin, from Ancient Greek κροτών ‎(krotṓn, tick), from the size and shape of the seed.

Proper noun[edit]

Croton m

  1. A taxonomic genus within the family Euphorbiaceae – many Asiatic shrubs, the source of croton oil.



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A map of the Croton river's drainage basin.


The river takes its name from the (Mohegan-Pequot) name of the chief of the group which lived along it. (It was formerly named after the group itself, the Kitchawan subdivision of the Mohegan.)[1] The river feeds the Croton Reservoir in Croton-on-Hudson, which feeds the Croton Aqueduct, which supplies water to New York City, hence the metonymic sense.

Early spellings of the name include Scroton.[2]

Proper noun[edit]


  1. A river in southern New York.
  2. (dated) The water supply of New York City. [from 1840]
    • 1869, “Annual report of the Department of Public Charities of the City of New York”, in (Please provide the title of the work), page 178:
      The pumps now draw water from this tank, instead of from the "Croton main" as formerly.
    • 1891, Transactions of the Royal Institute of British Architects, page 364:
      The water, supplied from the "Croton" main at the 68th Street side of the building, is connected by two pipes: one for direct service, and the other to supply a hot-air engine, which forces the water to the tank at the top of the house for a high or indirect service.
    • 1895 June 29, “THE POOR WATER SUPPLY; Business Men Alarmed by The New-York Times Exposures”, in New York Times:
      New York Cotton Exchange - A pressure of about 14 pounds from the Croton main

Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Native New Yorkers: The Legacy of the Algonquin People of New York
  2. ^ Robert S. Grumet, Manhattan to Minisink: American Indian Place Names (2013, ISBN 0806189134) notes that the spelling Scroton is found in a 1696 document