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- (Platonism) The subordinate being that fashions the perceptible world in the light of eternal ideas.
- (Gnosticism) A prideful, inferior being that creates the material world; frequently identified with the creator God of the Hebrew Bible.
- 2001, Hans Jonas, The Gnostic Religion: The message of the alien God, page 191:
- For the rest, we meet in the Demiurge of the Valentinians all the traits of the world-god with which we have by now become familiar and can therefore deal here very briefly
Inferior creator deity in Gnosticism