Jacobin

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle French Jacobin, ultimately from Latin Jacōbus (Jacob).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Jacobin (plural Jacobins)

  1. A Dominican friar.
  2. A member of a radical French political club founded (at an old Jacobin convent) in 1789 and one of the driving forces of the French Revolution.
    • 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 429-30:
      The Jacobins acted as a left-of-centre parliamentary pressure group, spending much of their time in coordinating the following day's business in the Assembly.
  3. By extension, a political radical.
  4. A breed of domestic pigeon (known for its feathered hood over its head).

Adjective[edit]

  1. Of, or related to the radical French political club that was a driving force of the French Revolution.
  2. By extension, politically radical.
    • 2015, Matthew Quest, "George L. Mosse: Unconventional Historian", New Historian:
      [...]Mosse argued the most fascist and totalitarian in particular but also radical Jacobin regimes, continued to have an investment in not merely disciplining human bodies but harnessing their sense of glory toward worshiping themselves[...].

References[edit]

  • Collins Shorter English Dictionary
  • Napoleon - a biography by Frank McLynn Pages 209-10, 212, 213, 220,221,222,224,233,