Jessica

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See also: Jéssica

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First used by William Shakespeare in Merchant of Venice in the early 17th century, probably from Hebrew יִסְכָּה(yiskah, Iscah in Genesis 11:29, Jescha in the Wycliffe version), a proper name meaning "one who looks forth" (but apparently not used as an ordinary word with that meaning).

  • By folk etymology seen as an elaborate form of Jessie, from Jane.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: jĕsʹĭkə, IPA(key): /ˈdʒɛsɪkə/
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Jessica (plural Jessicas)

  1. A female given name from Hebrew.
    • c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene i]:
      Lorenzo: In such a night / Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew, / And with an unthrift love did run from Venice, / As far as Belmont.
      Jessica: In such a night / Did young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well, / Stealing her soul with many vows of faith, / And ne'er a true one.
      Lorenzo: In such a night / Did pretty Jessica, like a little shrew, / Slander her love, and he forgave it her.
    • 1996 Tad Williams, The Writer's Child, The Sandman Book of Dreams, HarperCollins, →ISBN, page 154:
      She will be beautiful, of course - how could our child not be beautiful? We will name her...Jessica. Yes, that's a good name, not one of those lighter-than-air names so popular among writers of romances and fairy tales. That's a name a real little girl might have.
    • 2015, Sunjeev Sahota, The Year of the Runaways, Pan Macmillan (→ISBN)
      Jessica. It was, she later thought, a name well suited to whitehaired ladies with bright blue eyes.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Formerly rare, but from the 1970s to the 2010s popular in all English-speaking countries.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English Jessica.

Proper noun[edit]

Jessica

  1. a female given name

Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:Jessica.


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Recently borrowed from English Jessica.

Proper noun[edit]

Jessica

  1. a female given name

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English Jessica, popular at the end of the 20th century.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Jessica f

  1. a female given name

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English Jessica, popular at the end of the 20th century.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Jessica

  1. a female given name

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʐɛˈsi.ka/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ika
  • Syllabification: Je‧ssi‧ca

Proper noun[edit]

Jessica f

  1. Alternative spelling of Dżesika

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Jessica in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • Jessica in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English Jessica, popular at the end of the 20th century.

Proper noun[edit]

Jessica c (genitive Jessicas)

  1. a female given name