Karpfen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German karpfe, from Old High German karpho. The Central German form karpe(n) was widespread in early modern German, well into Upper German territory. This might be a reason why the form has not been simplified to *Karfen (it being the only word in modern standard German in which -rpf- has not been simplified to -rf-). Further origin unsettled; compare English carp for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaʁpfən/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ˈkaːpfən/ (common, especially northern and central Germany)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Karpfen m ‎(genitive Karpfens, plural Karpfen, diminutive Kärpfchen n or Kärpflein n)

  1. carp

Usage notes[edit]

  • The diminutive forms are attestable, but very rare.

Declension[edit]

External links[edit]