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Borrowed from Latin Latium. Doublet of Lazio.
- (historical) A region of central Italy in which the city of Rome was founded and grew to be the capital city of the Roman Empire.
- Lazio, the corresponding modern region.
region of central Italy
Probably a loanword from an ancient non-Indo-European language, possibly related to Etruscan, but it has also been linked to lātus (“wide”), a reference to the flat land, or latus (“side”), being on the central-west side of the Italian peninsula.
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈla.ti.um/, [ˈɫ̪ät̪iʊ̃ˑ]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈlat.t͡si.um/, [ˈlät̪ː͡s̪ium]
Latium n sg (genitive Latiī or Latī); second declension
Second-declension noun (neuter), with locative, singular only.
1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).
- Vulgar Latin: *Lazio
- “Latium”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- Latium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
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