Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
From Latin Manichaeus + -ism, from Classical Syriac ܡܐܢܝ ܚܝܐ (Mānī ḥayyā, “Living Mani”), from the name of its founder, Mani, from Middle Persian and Classical Syriac Mānī (Modern Persian مانی (Māni)).[script needed]
- (religion) A syncretic, dualistic religion that combined elements of Zoroastrian, Christian, and Gnostic thought, founded by the Iranian prophet Mani in 3rd century AD.
- (philosophy) A dualistic philosophy dividing the world between good and evil principles, or regarding matter as intrinsically evil and mind as intrinsically good.