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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to be dry

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₂sús-ye-ti (ye-present)
    • Proto-Hellenic: *ahúhyō
      • Ancient Greek: αὔω (aúō, to light a fire)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *Hsúšyati
  • *h₂sus-né-w-ti ~ *h₂sus-n-w-énti (nasal infix present)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
  • *h₂sows-éye-ti (éye-causative)
  • *h₂sows-os
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *saušás
      • East Baltic:
        • Latgalian: sauss
        • Latvian: sàuss
        • Lithuanian: saũsas (the result of assimilation s-š > s-s, or inherited from a Balto-Slavic dialect in which the RUKI sound change didn't occur)
      • Proto-Slavic: *sȗxъ (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Germanic: *sauzaz[3] (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Hellenic:
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *Hsawšas
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: saũsti (to wither), saũsinti (to dry (transitive))
      • Latvian: sust (to dry)(intransitive)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *Hsúškas[5] (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*h₂seu̯s-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 285
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*sъxnǫti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 479
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “sauza-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 428
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “αὖος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 171
  5. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2011), “śús.ka-”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University