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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From the zero grade of the root of *sȗxъ (dry) + *-nǫti, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂sews- (also reconstructed as *sh₂ews-). Cognate with Lithuanian saũsinti (to dry (transitive)), saũsti (to wither), sùsti (to scab over) (1sg. susù), saũsas (dry), Latvian sust (to dry (intransitive)) (1sg. susu), susêt (to wither) (1sg. susu, susẽju), sàuss (dry), Old Prussian sausā (dry, fem. acc. sg.), Sanskrit शोषयति (śoṣáyati, to let dry), शुष्क (śúṣka, dry, barren), Avestan 𐬵𐬎𐬱𐬐𐬀(huška, dry), Homeric Ancient Greek αὖος (aûos, dry), Old English sēar (dry), English sere, sear.


*sъxnǫti impf

  1. (intransitive) to dry, to wither


Related terms[edit]


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: съхнꙋти (sŭxnuti)


  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “со́хнуть”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 191
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*sъxnǫti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 479
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “со́хнуть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress