शुष्क

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शुष्क (śúṣka). Doublet of सूखा (sūkhā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʃʊʂk/, [ʃʊʃk]

Adjective[edit]

शुष्क (śuṣk) (indeclinable)

  1. dry, shrivelled; arid
    Synonym: सूखा (sūkhā)
  2. dull, uninteresting
    उसको जीवन शुष्क लगने लगा है।
    usko jīvan śuṣk lagne lagā hai.
    Life has become dull for him.

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hsúškas (dry), derived from Proto-Indo-European *h₂sews- (to be dry). Cognate with Avestan 𐬵𐬎𐬱𐬐𐬀(huška, dry), Persian خشک(xošk, dry), Russian суши́ть (sušítʹ, to dry), Lithuanian saũsinti, Old English sēarian (whence English sear).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

शुष्क (śúṣka)

  1. dried, dried up, dry, arid, parched, shrivelled, emaciated, shrunk, withered
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.18.10:
      अग्निर्न शुष्कं वनमिन्द्र हेती रक्षो नि धक्ष्यशनिर्न भीमा ।
      agnirna śuṣkaṃ vanamindra hetī rakṣo ni dhakṣyaśanirna bhīmā .
      As Agni burns down the dry forest like a dart, burn down the demons like a missile, O Indra.
  2. useless, fruitless, groundless, vain, unprofitable, empty
  3. mere, simple

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शुष्क (śúṣka)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शुष्कः
śúṣkaḥ
शुष्कौ
śúṣkau
शुष्काः / शुष्कासः¹
śúṣkāḥ / śúṣkāsaḥ¹
Vocative शुष्क
śúṣka
शुष्कौ
śúṣkau
शुष्काः / शुष्कासः¹
śúṣkāḥ / śúṣkāsaḥ¹
Accusative शुष्कम्
śúṣkam
शुष्कौ
śúṣkau
शुष्कान्
śúṣkān
Instrumental शुष्केण
śúṣkeṇa
शुष्काभ्याम्
śúṣkābhyām
शुष्कैः / शुष्केभिः¹
śúṣkaiḥ / śúṣkebhiḥ¹
Dative शुष्काय
śúṣkāya
शुष्काभ्याम्
śúṣkābhyām
शुष्केभ्यः
śúṣkebhyaḥ
Ablative शुष्कात्
śúṣkāt
शुष्काभ्याम्
śúṣkābhyām
शुष्केभ्यः
śúṣkebhyaḥ
Genitive शुष्कस्य
śúṣkasya
शुष्कयोः
śúṣkayoḥ
शुष्काणाम्
śúṣkāṇām
Locative शुष्के
śúṣke
शुष्कयोः
śúṣkayoḥ
शुष्केषु
śúṣkeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ā-stem declension of शुष्का (śúṣkā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शुष्का
śúṣkā
शुष्के
śúṣke
शुष्काः
śúṣkāḥ
Vocative शुष्के
śúṣke
शुष्के
śúṣke
शुष्काः
śúṣkāḥ
Accusative शुष्काम्
śúṣkām
शुष्के
śúṣke
शुष्काः
śúṣkāḥ
Instrumental शुष्कया / शुष्का¹
śúṣkayā / śúṣkā¹
शुष्काभ्याम्
śúṣkābhyām
शुष्काभिः
śúṣkābhiḥ
Dative शुष्कायै
śúṣkāyai
शुष्काभ्याम्
śúṣkābhyām
शुष्काभ्यः
śúṣkābhyaḥ
Ablative शुष्कायाः
śúṣkāyāḥ
शुष्काभ्याम्
śúṣkābhyām
शुष्काभ्यः
śúṣkābhyaḥ
Genitive शुष्कायाः
śúṣkāyāḥ
शुष्कयोः
śúṣkayoḥ
शुष्काणाम्
śúṣkāṇām
Locative शुष्कायाम्
śúṣkāyām
शुष्कयोः
śúṣkayoḥ
शुष्कासु
śúṣkāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of शुष्क (śúṣka)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शुष्कम्
śúṣkam
शुष्के
śúṣke
शुष्काणि / शुष्का¹
śúṣkāṇi / śúṣkā¹
Vocative शुष्क
śúṣka
शुष्के
śúṣke
शुष्काणि / शुष्का¹
śúṣkāṇi / śúṣkā¹
Accusative शुष्कम्
śúṣkam
शुष्के
śúṣke
शुष्काणि / शुष्का¹
śúṣkāṇi / śúṣkā¹
Instrumental शुष्केण
śúṣkeṇa
शुष्काभ्याम्
śúṣkābhyām
शुष्कैः / शुष्केभिः¹
śúṣkaiḥ / śúṣkebhiḥ¹
Dative शुष्काय
śúṣkāya
शुष्काभ्याम्
śúṣkābhyām
शुष्केभ्यः
śúṣkebhyaḥ
Ablative शुष्कात्
śúṣkāt
शुष्काभ्याम्
śúṣkābhyām
शुष्केभ्यः
śúṣkebhyaḥ
Genitive शुष्कस्य
śúṣkasya
शुष्कयोः
śúṣkayoḥ
शुष्काणाम्
śúṣkāṇām
Locative शुष्के
śúṣke
शुष्कयोः
śúṣkayoḥ
शुष्केषु
śúṣkeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]