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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Ultimately derived from *(s)ker- (to cut). A general word for “to harvest” that had a tendency in some stocks to be specialized for the picking of fruit while in others for the reaping of grain.



  1. to pluck, harvest

Derived terms[edit]

  • *kerp- (root verb)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *kerp-, *kirp-
    • Italic:
      • Latin: carpō (to pluck)
  • *kerp-os
  • *kerp-h₁-o-
  • Unsorted formations:

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) “kurp-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 196