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This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ-. Compare Latin vehō (I carry, bear).



  1. to bear, carry
  2. to drive


  • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *waźʰ-
    • Sanskrit: वह् (vah, to bear, carry)
      • Magadhi Prakrit:
        • Assamese: (bo)
  • Proto-Iranian: *waj- (to carry; to drive (a chariot or similar))
    • Avestan: 𐬬𐬀𐬰- (vaz-, to move, to run)
    • Baluchi: [script needed] (gwast / gwaz-, to pass)
    • Khunsari: [script needed] (vuza / vuz-, to run, to run away)
    • Kurdish:
      Northern Kurdish: bezîn (to run), bazdan (to flee, to escape, to run away)
    • Middle Persian:
      Book Pahlavi: wc- (waz-, to move [intransitive]; to blow (of wind))
      Manichaean: wy- (to move along)
    • Parthian:
      Manichaean: wz- (waz-, to move swiftly, fly; to travel; to blow (of wind))
    • Zazaki: veştene (to run), vazdayen (to run, to flee, to escape)
    • Old Armenian: վազեմ (vazem)
    • ? Old Armenian: աւազակ (awazak) (see there for further descendants)

Derived terms[edit]

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny. 2007. Etymological dictionary of the Iranian verb. Leiden: Brill. p.430.