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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Of unclear origin. According to some, connected with the word *toržìti (to seek, look for). For a semantic parallel compare Hungarian keres (to seek, look for) : kereskedelem (trade, commerce).

The Latin place-name Tergeste (whence Italian Trieste), first attested around 100 BC (by the Greek geographer Artemidorus of Ephesus), possibly from Venetic, but with the typically Illyrian suffix -est-, has often been derived from a *terg- which is speculated to mean "market" or "marketplace" and to be cognate with the Slavic lexeme.


*tъ̑rgъ m

  1. merchandise, commodity, wares
  2. (by extension) a place were trade is being done; market



  • East Slavic: търгъ (tŭrgŭ)
    • Russian: торг (torg)
    • Ukrainian: торг (torh)
    • Old Norse: torg
    • Finnish: turku


  • Gluhak, Alemko (1993) Hrvatski etimološki rječnik (in Serbo-Croatian), Zagreb: August Cesarec, page 637f
  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “торг”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress
  • Verweij, Arno (1994), “Quantity Patterns of Substantives in Czech and Slovak”, in Dutch Contributions to the Eleventh International Congress of Slavists, Bratislava (Studies in Slavic and General Linguistics), volume 22, Editions Rodopi B.V., page 536