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“Attested” means verification of:
  1. Clearly widespread use,
  2. Usage in a well-known work,
  3. Usage in durably recorded media, or
  4. For terms in extinct languages: usage in a contemporaneous source.

Number of citations[edit]

In general, three citations in which a term is used are considered adequate for inclusion on Wiktionary. For languages with limited documentation and languages with limited documentation available online, however, only one usage or mention is adequate.
For languages with limited (online) documentation, the following provisions should be observed to ensure the accuracy and integrity of Wiktionary content:

  • the language community should maintain a list of materials deemed appropriate as single sources or requiring only one other source,
  • the sources should be listed on the entry or citation page, and
  • a box explaining that fewer citations were used should be included on the entry page.

The following natural languages:

  1. endangered languages - languages in danger of becoming extinct such as those listed by an institution such as UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger, the Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages or the Australian Indigenous Languages Database and dialects of those languages;
  2. non-Indo-European languages of the Americas, Australia and Oceania, excluding Guaraní;
  3. pidgins and creoles;
  4. the following languages of Africa: Khoisan languages, Wide Grassfields languages, Zarma;
  5. Dravidian languages, excluding Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu;
  6. Tibetan languages;
  7. North Caucasian languages;
  8. languages of Southeast Asia and the Formosan languages, excluding Cantonese, Indonesian, Malay, Standard Mandarin, Thai and Vietnamese; and
  9. Äynu (aib), Andamanese languages, Assamese, Dacian, Dhivehi, Guernésiais, Hunsrik, Jèrriais, Kartvelian languages, Kokborok, Kven Finnish, Lepcha, Meänkieli, Meitei, Mizo, Sercquiais and Sinhalese


  • The last category is just a catch-all for languages not fitting in elsewhere.
  • BTW, I dropped patois because it has a number of meanings, and the relevant meanings appear to be covered adequately by pidgin and creole.
  • Although I specifically excluded Arabic, I did not exclude European languages because it got messy: Guernésiais, Jèrriais and Sercquiais are European. I think it's reasonable to expect the "languages of the Americas" to be interpreted as not including English and French, for exampl.e