abbacinare

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Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

a- (to, towards) +‎ bacino (bowl) +‎ -are (1st conjugation verbal suffix)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ab.ba.t͡ʃiˈna.re/
  • Rhymes: -are
  • Hyphenation: ab‧ba‧ci‧nà‧re

Verb[edit]

abbacinare

  1. (transitive, archaic) To abacinate.
    • 1348, Giovanni Villani, “Libro terzo, Capitolo XV. Come Carlo Magno re di Francia fu fatto imperadore di Roma. [Third Book, Chapter 15: How Charlemagne, King of France, became Emperor of Rome]”, in Nuova Cronica [New Chronicles], published 1991:
      in Roma presono papa Leone terzo che allora regnava, andando alla processione delle Letanie, e abacinarogli gli occhi, e tagliaro la lingua, e cacciarollo di Roma.
      In Rome, they took the then-reigning Pope Leo III on his way to the Procession of the Litanies, abacinated his eyes, cut off his tongue, and banished him from Rome.
    • [1574, Vincenzo Borghini, Annotationi et discorsi sopra alcuni luoghi del Decameron[1], page 73:
      Ma l’Abbacinare è il medeſimo che Accecare: Et perche ſi faceua con un Bacino rouente, che auuicinato a gl’occhi, tenuti aperti per forza; concentrandoſi il calore, ſtruggeua que pannicelli, & riseccaua l’humidità, che come un’uua è intorno alla pupilla, & la ricopriua di una cotal nuuola, che gli toglieua la uiſta
      But abacinating is the same as blinding, for it was carried out by using a red-hot vessel that [was] put close to the eyes, forcibly kept open. The concentrated heat would destroy those tissues and dry up the moisture which, like on a grape, is around the pupil, and would cover it in such a clouding that it would leave it blind.]
  2. (transitive, by extension) to dazzle
    Synonym: abbagliare
  3. (transitive, figuratively) to deceive; to deceptively attract
    Synonym: illudere
    • 1619, Michelangelo Buonarroti the Younger, La fiera[2], published 1726, page 233:
      mi par tuttavia vedermi al fianco ¶ Un che colle parole inorpellate ¶ M’incanti, e m’abbacini
      It appears to me I have by my side one that, with ornate words, charms and deceives me
  4. (transitive, figuratively) to stun
    Synonym: stordire

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

abbacināre

  1. inflection of abbacinō:
    1. present active infinitive
    2. second-person singular present passive imperative/indicative