abhainn

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Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*h₂ep-

From Old Irish aub, from Proto-Celtic *abū (compare Welsh afon), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep- ‎(water). The form abhainn was originally the dative singular of abha, but is now widely used as the nominative/accusative as well.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abhainn f ‎(genitive singular abhann, nominative plural aibhneacha)

  1. river

Declension[edit]

Standard
Nonstandard

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
abhainn n-abhainn habhainn t-abhainn
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish aub, from Proto-Celtic *abū (compare Welsh afon), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep- ‎(water). The form abhainn was originally the dative singular of abha, but is now widely used as the nominative/accusative as well.

Noun[edit]

abhainn f ‎(genitive singular aibhne, plural aibhnichean)

  1. river, stream

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • 1 ab” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.