sruth

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish sruth (stream, river, current), from Proto-Celtic *srutom, from Proto-Indo-European *srew- (flow, stream). Cognate with Welsh ffrwd and maybe the Gaulish hydronym Phroudis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sruth m (genitive singular srutha or srotha, nominative plural sruthanna or srothanna or srotha)

  1. stream
    Synonym: sruthlán
  2. current, flow
    Synonyms: sreabhadh, sreabh
  3. (electricity) current, mains

Declension[edit]

Alternative declensions:

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sruth shruth
after an, tsruth
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *srutom, from Proto-Indo-European *srew- (flow, stream). Cognate with Welsh ffrwd and maybe the Gaulish hydronym Phroudis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sruth n or m (genitive srotho, nominative plural srotha)

  1. stream, river, current
  2. strait, stream, current (of sea)
  3. foray, sortie, attack

Inflection[edit]

Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sruth sruthL srothae
Vocative sruth sruthL sruthu
Accusative sruthN sruthL sruthu
Genitive srothoH, srothaH srotho, srotha srothaeN
Dative sruthL srothaib srothaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: sruth
  • Manx: stroo
  • Scottish Gaelic: sruth

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish sruth (stream, river, current), from Proto-Celtic *srutom, from Proto-Indo-European *srew- (flow, stream). Cognate with Welsh ffrwd and maybe the Gaulish hydronym Phroudis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sruth m (genitive singular sruith or srutha, plural sruthan)

  1. stream, burn
  2. flow, rush (of water)
  3. current

Synonyms[edit]

  • (stream, burn): allt

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sruth (past sruth, future sruthaidh, verbal noun sruthadh, past participle sruthte)

  1. flow, stream

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
sruth shruth
after "an", t-sruth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.